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June 15 2017

Nordsee - Erster zweiköpfiger Schweinswal entdeckt

Siamesische Zwillinge sollen kurz nach der Geburt gestorben sein

Tierisches Verhalten - Das Alter macht Hirschkühe "kugelsicher"

Kanadische Forscher beobachteten, wie weibliche Wapitis aus den tödlichen Fehlern ihrer Artgenossen lernen – bis ihnen Jäger nichts mehr anhaben können

Politik, Gewalt und Moral: Der Tweet von Thomas Goede [Gesundheits-Check]

Seit zwei Tagen geht der Tweet des (inzwischen Ex-)Piratenpolitikers Thomas Goede durch die Medien. Er hatte bejubelt, dass am Dienstag eine Polizistin in München durch einen Schuss schwer verletzt wurde. Die Polizeigewerkschaft hat den mittlerweilen gelöschten Tweet veröffentlicht:

Tweet_Goede

Gewalt in dieser Form durch die sprachliche Entmenschlichung von Opfern zu rechtfertigen, kennt man von rechts und links. Den Älteren hier wird vielleicht die Sprache der RAF in Erinnerung kommen, den Jüngeren, wie sich Rechtsextremisten über ihre Taten äußern.

Ich weiß nicht, was Thomas Goede zu seinem Tweet motiviert hat. Ob er auch nur dachte, politische Korrektheit gehöre auf den Müllhaufen der Geschichte? In den Medien wird er mit einer zugleich nichts- und vielsagenden Rechtfertigung zitiert “Viele finden die Reaktion scheiße, aber keiner macht sich Gedanken, warum sowas entsteht. Menschen halt.“

Egal warum „sowas entsteht“, es rechtfertigt nicht, sich darüber zu freuen, was der Polizistin passiert ist. Alles hat Ursachen und natürlich kann man vieles, auch Kriminalität oder Terror, in seiner historischen Genese erklärend mit Ungerechtigkeiten in der Welt in Verbindung bringen. Die Ungerechtigkeit der Welt rechtfertigt es aber nicht, Polizisten, Banker oder Politiker als „Büttel des Systems“ zum Töten freizugeben, sozusagen zum lebensunwerten Leben zu erklären. Das ist nicht einmal gute politische Theorie, weil sie politische Aktion blind an irgendwie gebildeten Hassobjekten festmacht, sich in Aktionismus erschöpft, aber mehr noch ist es ethisch in keiner Weise zu rechtfertigen. Man muss nicht Kants kategorischen Imperativ bemühen, um zu verstehen, dass man der Menschheit im Abstrakten nicht die Menschlichkeit im Konkreten unterordnen darf, und erst recht kann man sich nicht – weder klammheimlich noch offen – auch noch darüber freuen, wenn man meint, der Kampf für die Menschheit habe ein Opfer gefordert. Selbst wer solchen kruden Thesen anhängt, könnte dann wenigstens sein Bedauern äußern. Ob Thomas Goede seinen Tweet abgesetzt hätte, wenn die Polizistin eine frühere Schulfreundin gewesen wäre? Wäre es ihm dann auch so leicht gefallen, sie als „Bullendreck“ zu entmenschlichen?

Thomas Goede ist ein politischer Idiot, der aus den Diskussionen über Gewalt als Mittel der Politik nichts gelernt hat. Vielleicht holt er es ja jetzt nach und erklärt sich dann noch einmal reflektierter.

Kalifornien - Versunkenes Ökosystem aus dem Schlamm geborgen

Forscher stellten fest, dass sich die Lebensgemeinschaften vor der kalifornischen Küste binnen 200 Jahren grundlegend verändert haben

EU: There Will Be No Renegotiation of Paris! (AKA “The Art of the Deal”)

Guest post by David Middleton Science & Environment Juncker rejects US climate deal re-negotiation By Matt McGrath Environment correspondent 14 June 2017 The European Commission President said: “We have spent 20 years negotiating”, and now was the time for implementation. US President Trump has claimed that the accord could be amended and made more palatable…

Five Variables of a Catalan Referendum on Independence

On 9 June 2017 the President of the Catalan Government, Carles Puigdemont, announced a referendum on Catalan independence. As seen in the past, however, it is likely that any further juridicial manifestation will be challenged by the Spanish Government before the Constitutional Court, and that the Court will declare void any action that poses a threat for the sovereignty of the Spanish People.

The last decade saw a growing thrive for Catalan independence. The enactment of an Autonomy Statute in 2006 through referendum was actually intended to close the debate for a longer period. However, the Spanish Constitutional Court repealed a part of the Statute in 2010 and, from that point, some parties and social actors began to believe that there was no place for the People of Catalonia under the Spanish Constitution.

In November 2014, the former Catalan President Mas promoted  a soft referendum, an unofficial  referendum to circumvent the constitutional requirements for referenda under Spanish Law. This was more or less tolerated by the Spanish Government; although later, when Mas was no longer President, a penal court, withdrew Mas' right to hold a public office . The soft referendum failed, mostly because only one third of the Catalan people voted for it. In the following, parliamentary elections were being held in Catalonia. The parties promoting Catalan independence tried to overcome the merely representative nature of the elections, adding the flavor of a plebiscite, but failed shortly from obtaining an absolute majority of votes.

This outcome is not the end of the story. Here we are again three years later: the Catalan Government calls a unilateral referendum and the Spanish Government denies its competence to do so, ready to challenge any act before the Constitutional Court. Are we at the same point as in the scenario of 2014? What will be the outcome? In the following, I will explore five variables in order to analyze those questions.

1. The use of force

It is very hard to believe that the Catalan Government has the political strength to persuade its civil servants to act against the law in order to achieve a constitutional referendum. But even if the referendum takes a soft nature like the one in 2014, this time, the Spanish Government will probably not tolerate it. On the other hand, one might ask how the Spanish Government intends to stop it. It would need legitimate force e.g. through control over the Catalan police to prevent the opening of electoral colleges. In this vein, the Catalan Government is promoting Catalonia publicly as an oppressed People: Puigdemont asked the Spanish Prime Minister Rajoy to explain what kind of force he will use; and Pep Guardiola is branding Spain as an “authoritarian State” (yes, dear football fans, the famous player and trainer, is seemingly becoming a “Founding Father” of Catalan independence). In this regard, the use of force is a red line: too much of it will rather fuel the struggle for independence.

2. Unilateral independence as a Plan B

In 2014, the unsuccessful referendum opened the path to ordinary elections. This time, the Catalan Government rejected this outcome and instead, the administrative construction of an independent state after a unilateral breakup is being discussed. This is supposed to be the Plan B and, without any doubt, takes the conflict to another stage, putting all the pressure on the citizens who will have to choose between to sides, Catalonia or Spain. But in a society divided on this issue, the dissident will have to become the political enemy. Is really the Catalan Government ready to cross this line?

3. Financial sovereignty

The rhetoric on Catalan independence has always circulated around the classic terms of political sovereignty. However, financial sovereignty has been a fundamental conflict as well, and even a key argument against independence. Catalonia is an essential motor of Spanish economy, and therefore claims with no success a special fiscal treatment. The irony is that since the economic crisis , the Catalan administration had to be sustained from Spanish public budget. The private financial markets are closed for the Catalan Government and this means that in the case of a new state, there is a high risk to crash just a minute after the unilateral declaration of independence. In this sense, the Catalan Government has stressed that independence does not entail an exit from the  European Union, knowing that the Union would be an excellent financial buffer for an independent Catalonia.

4. Russian Support?

In the last months, some rumors have suggested that Russia is willing to support an independent Catalonia with financial means. This could be wishful thinking. But in the last years, in fact, Russia has constantly intervened in national politics in order to reinforce its own international power. Therefore it is not crazy to imagine Russia backing an independent Catalonia in order to ultimately weaken the European Union. This hypothesis would give the conflict even an international dimension apart from Spanish and Catalan interests.

5. A glooming political scenario in Catalonia

Many criticize President Rajoy for his passiveness with regards to Catalan interests. But he is right underlining that he cannot find a steady partner for political cooperation in Catalonia. First, the political parties cheering for independence are broadly divided among each other. Second, the Catalan Government is temporary: President Puigdemont is not running for re-election and it is hard to believe that the strange marriage between PdeCat (Christian democrats in an old style) and the CUP (libertarians) will last any longer. Third, and more important, the political landscape in Catalonia could be very different after the elections in 2019. The results in national and municipal elections shows that PdeCat (the party of the President Puigdemont) looses its electoral basis rapidly; ERC, a party in the government coalition, is in the pole position. But while PdeCat has made of independence a tactic movement, not a principle, ERC defines itself by the goal of independent Catalonia. If ERC leads the future government, it is hard to imagine a step back. But ERC will need coalition partners.The Comunes have burst into the scenario (governing the city of Barcelona), promoting political consensus between the political forces in the Catalonian and Spanish Parliaments. Besides that, the Socialist Party has a new leader, ready to look for new solutions. From a political point of view it is thus hard to say whether Catalan independence will have sufficient support.

 

The five variables are essential when discussing Catalan independence. However, they are so broad that it is hard to predict the future. It thus seems as if Catalonia is at this point covered in the fog of uncertainty.

 

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

Domestizierte Viren als Gen-Kurier: Bakterien opfern sich zum Wohle der Gruppe

Der Erreger der Katzenkratzkrankheit hält sich während Infektionen trickreich fit: Einige Individuen opfern sich und spenden Gene an Artgenossen, die damit ihr eigenes Erbgut auffrischen. Darin sehen Forscher der Uni Basel einen neuen Ansatz für die Bekämpfung der Erreger.

Diagnosemethode - Europäischer Erfinder-Preis geht an Biochemiker aus Österreich

Oliver Hayden entwickelte zusammen mit einem Niederländer einen Malariatest, der in der Kategorie "Industrie" ausgezeichnet wurde

La coalition internationale reconnaît l'usage d'obus au phosphore à Mossoul

La coalition internationale reconnaît l’usage d’obus au phosphore à Mossoul
http://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2017/06/14/la-coalition-internationale-reconnait-l-usage-d-obus-au-phosphore-a-mossoul_
http://img.lemde.fr/2017/06/14/38/0/1445/722/644/322/60/0/370fd3e_13706-1su8h9j.9yf9io1or.png

La coalition internationale a bien tiré des obus au phosphore blanc dans des zones habitées contrôlées par l’organisation Etat islamique (EI) à Mossoul, en Irak, et vraisemblablement à Rakka, en Syrie : des munitions qui se dispersent dans l’air et qui, en retombant au sol, provoquent des brûlures profondes qui atteignent les muscles et les os.

« Nous avons fait usage de phosphore blanc dans l’ouest de Mossoul pour créer un écran de fumée et permettre aux civils de fuir », a déclaré mardi 13 juin le général néo-zélandais Hugh McAslan, porte-parole de la coalition, à la radio publique américaine NPR.

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

*The Temperature is Down, but Media Coverage still Fails to Tell the full Migration Story* ❝The…

The Temperature is Down, but Media Coverage still Fails to Tell the full Migration Story

The infinite emergency of international migration continues. Read through the eyes of Italian media, the year 2016 confirmed the centrality of the migration phenomenon, but the tone of the information flow of all major media outlets (press, television news and social media) was often more useful to the political debate than to supporting understanding of what is really happening: often the ideological point of view leaves out, or even contradicts, the clarity of the numbers.

This tendency continues and confirms the one already detected in 2015, when international migration became central for Italian media after the tragedies that occurred in the Mediterranean Sea. The pressure of migration in Europe hasn’t been uniform over time and this has determined different responses in terms of public opinion. By the time that the crisis had eased it was clear that the public had grown tired of the media coverage during 2015 and 2016.

As public editor at La Stampa this past year the message I got from readers on the migrants drama was that they couldn’t stand being bombarded by tragic stories any longer.

“After all those stories about failed landings with sunken ships and drowned babies, I don’t want to hear it anymore, the pain is unbearable, but what worries me even more is seeing the effect on my kids: they are becoming jaded because they feel sickened by emotional reporting that doesn’t explain what is happening and just wants to impress and shock,” wrote one reader last summer. “Please tell us stories also about those migrants who make it”

http:// ethicaljournalismnetwork.org/ resources/ publications/ media-mediterranean-migration/ italy

#médias #journalisme #presse #réfugiés #asile #migrations #rapport

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

Filterblasen - Baeza-Yates: "Das Internet ist ein lebendes Organ"

Das Internet ist voll mit Inhalten, die ein verzerrtes Abbild der Realität wiedergeben. Suchmaschinen-Experte Ricardo Baeza-Yates zeigt Auswege aus einer Welt aus Fake-News und Filterblasen
Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

Radical Reconfigurations? Old and new futures in Northern Ireland

As the Conservative Party’s majority evaporated in the early hours of 9th June 2017, the new parliamentary power of the DUP quickly came into focus. With Sinn Fein resolutely abstaining from taking their seats, the Democratic Unionist Party find themselves in a position to enter a formal coalition or, more likely, a confidence and supply…

The post Radical Reconfigurations? Old and new futures in Northern Ireland appeared first on Critical Legal Thinking.

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

RFT-Studie - Zum "Innovation Leader" fehlt Österreich noch einiges

Rat für Forschung und Technologieentwicklung: Grundlagenforschung muss besser finanziert werden

S'il fallait une preuve de plus du foutage de gueule dylanien ( ), et naturellement les fans de…

http://www.francetvinfo.fr/image/75e92ur48-0749/1200/450/12684723.jpg

S’il fallait une preuve de plus du foutage de gueule dylanien ( http://towardgrace.blogspot.fr/2017/06/le-maudit-bic-de-dylan.html ), et naturellement les fans de cette chèvre bêlante trouveront la chose so Dylan (il étranglerait une vielle dame dans une rue obscure, on continuerait de lui trouver des odeurs de beurre frais). Quand je pense à tous les véritables écrivains qui de par le monde ont écrit des oeuvres courageuses et admirables, ils n’ont pas fait la moitié d’une connerie l’année dernière les jurés du Nobel.

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01

Arctic Expedition Cancelled Due to Excess “Climate Change”

Guest essay by Eric Worrall h/t James Delingpole / Breitbart – University of Manitoba has a new term for excess sea ice; they now call it “climate change”. Large Canadian Arctic climate change study cancelled due to climate change The Science Team of the Canadian Research Icebreaker CCGS Amundsen has cancelled the first leg of…

Zephyr Teachout On Why Primarying Right-Wing Democrats Is Necessary

Former New York Congressional Candidate looks back on her 2016 campaign, talks about corruption and ethical violations in both parties

Democratic Party Leader Nancy Pelosi Faces Progressive Primary Challenge

Attorney and San Francisco activist Stephen Jaffe is looking to replace out of touch House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi in congress

EITC Not Only Reduces Poverty, But Improves Health of Communities

While Trump seeks to dramatically reduce federal spending for the poor, study shows that the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) benefits not only the lives of those who receive it, but also of entire communities, Jeanette Wicks-Lim and Peter Arno of PERI explain

Sur quelle aide compter quand on est gravement malade ? – Mondes Sociaux

Sur quelle aide compter quand on est gravement #malade ? – Mondes Sociaux
https://sms.hypotheses.org/9761
https://f.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/1243/files/2017/06/family-1921637_1280.png
Il y avait une étude qui pointait les différences marquées entre les sexes, avec les #femmes qui étaient habituées à être des soutiens, mais qui se faisaient bien plus souvent lâchées par leur compagnon quand c’était elles qui étaient malades.

Mais, de ce point de vue, les différences entre malades sont importantes. La patiente la plus soutenue affiche 189 aides recherchées, quand le patient le plus dépourvu en comptabilise seulement une trentaine. Ces différences s’expliquent en partie par la taille du réseau personnel mobilisé : les patients recevant le plus d’aides sont aussi ceux qui ont mobilisé le plus de personnes. Par ailleurs, parmi toutes les aides que les malades disent avoir recherchées seules 3% n’ont pas été obtenues. Le soutien non obtenu peut se lire comme une défaillance de l’entourage ou du système de soin. Cela a, par exemple, été le cas lorsqu’une patiente recherchant du réconfort auprès de son compagnon après l’annonce de son cancer ne trouve pas le soutien recherché. Dans un autre contexte, un patient explique ne pas être parvenu à prendre contact avec la Ligue contre le Cancer, malgré des démarches répétées.

Reposted by02mydafsoup-01 02mydafsoup-01
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